When the things are machines that talk to each other, the IoT is called Industrial IoT (IIoT). GE estimates $15 Trillion  increase in global GDP with Industrial IoT over the next 20 years. IIoT means connected semi-autonomous vehicles, smart factories leading a new industrial revolution, or Industry 4.0.

Industrial IoT systems are safety-critical and real-time. Safety-critical systems are systems that in the case of failure can endanger human life or the environment,  or may lead to a large financial loss. In a real-time system, the “correctness of the system behavior depends not only on the logical results of the computations but also on the physical instant when these results are produced”.

Topic chairProf. Paul Pop